Is A Hedgehog An Omnivore?

Is A Hedgehog An Omnivore

Hedgehogs are fascinating and unique animals that many people keep as pets. A common question about these creatures is whether or not they are omnivores, meaning that they eat both plants and animals. In this article, we will explore the diet of hedgehogs to determine if they can be classified as omnivores.

We will examine what types of food hedgehogs typically consume in the wild, along with their nutritional needs and behavior when it comes to food choices. By looking at all of these aspects, we can make an informed decision on whether or not a hedgehog should be considered an omnivore.

Is A Hedgehog An Omnivore?

The answer to this question is yes, hedgehogs are omnivores. In the wild, they primarily feed on insects and other small animals such as snails, worms and frogs. They also eat fruits, berries, mushrooms and some plant material. This varied diet allows them to fulfill their nutritional needs while still getting a balanced meal.

When kept as pets, hedgehogs can be fed commercial food mixes that often include ingredients like dried insects, grains, vegetables and fruit pieces. These foods provide all of the necessary nutrients for optimal health in hedgehogs. Some owners choose to supplement their pet’s diet with live prey items or treats like cooked eggs and yogurt.

Hedgehogs have an innate curiosity when it comes to food which can sometimes lead them to explore new kinds of fare. As long as these items are safe for consumption by small mammals like hedgehogs they should not cause any harm if eaten in moderation.

What Do Hedgehogs Eat?

  • Insects: This includes beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers.
  • Small Animals: Snails, worms, frogs etc.
  • Fruits & Berries: Apples, strawberries, blueberries etc.
  • Plant Material: Grasses, leaves, and other vegetation.

The Carnivorous Diet of the Hedgehog

Hedgehogs are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant and animal matter. However, in the wild hedgehogs have evolved to become primarily carnivorous, with their diet consisting mainly of insects, worms, small mammals (like mice), amphibians (like frogs), and other invertebrates.

The type of food a hedgehog eats can vary depending on its environment and what is available. In captivity, however, it’s important for owners to provide an adequate supply of high-quality proteins such as mealworms or cat food for their pet.

What To Feed Your Pet Hedgehog

  • Insects: Mealworms, waxworms, crickets and grasshoppers are all good sources of protein for your pet hedgehog. Make sure to dust them with a vitamin supplement before feeding.
  • Fruits & Vegetables: Hedgehogs love fruits like apples or pears as well as vegetables such as spinach and carrots. These should only make up about 10% of their daily diet though!
  • Protein Sources: High quality cat food (not fish based) is a great source of protein for your pet hedgehog. You can also give them cooked meat like chicken or beef but remember not to feed more than once per week!

Classification of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are classified into seven families, which include the Erinaceidae family. This family is further divided into 17 genera and four subfamilies. The two most well-known hedgehog species are the European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) and the African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris).

Subfamilies of Hedgehogs:

  • Erinaceinae: This subfamily consists of eight genera and 13 species, including the European and Asian long-eared hedgehog.
  • Galericinae: This subfamily includes three genera and six species, such as the Western European hedgehog.

Types of Food Hedgehogs Enjoy

Hedgehogs are small mammals that originate from Africa, Europe and Asia. They are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant-based and meat-based foods.

In the wild, hedgehogs will forage for food such as insects, worms, snails and other invertebrates. In captivity, most pet owners feed their hedgehog a commercial diet consisting of specially formulated cat or dog kibble supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables.

Commercial Diets

A well balanced commercial diet is an excellent way to provide your hedgehog with all the nutrients it needs. Look for a high quality grain free kibble made specifically for hedgehogs or other small animals. Avoid mixes with excessive amounts of corn meal or carbohydrates as this can lead to obesity in some pets.

Fruits & Vegetables

In addition to a commercial diet, you can offer your pet occasional treats such as fresh fruits and vegetables. Some good options include:

  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Carrots
  • Cucumbers
  • Green beans
  • Mangoes
  • Peaches
  • Strawberries


In conclusion, the answer to whether a hedgehog is an omnivore or not is yes. Hedgehogs have been found to feed on both plant and animal matter in the wild, making them true omnivores. Although their diet may be slightly biased towards insects and other small animals, they still need a varied diet that includes fruits, vegetables, seeds, and nuts for optimal health. So if you’re thinking of getting a pet hedgehog, remember that it needs a balanced diet from both the plant and animal kingdoms!


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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