Do Foxes Eat Hedgehogs?

Do Foxes Eat Hedgehogs

Foxes and hedgehogs are two of the most common animals found in many gardens across the world. As such, it is natural to wonder if foxes eat hedgehogs or not. This article will explore this question in depth, examining both the dietary habits of foxes as well as the potential risks posed by these predators to hedgehogs living in their vicinity. We’ll also look at what can be done to protect hedgehogs from fox predation and how people can help reduce conflicts between these animals. Read on to learn more about do foxes eat hedgehogs!

Do Foxes Eat Hedgehogs?

The short answer is yes, foxes do occasionally eat hedgehogs. While it is not a common occurrence, foxes have been known to prey on hedgehogs when food options are scarce or if the opportunity presents itself. In some cases, foxes may even hunt and kill adult hedgehogs for sport.

Risks of Fox Predation for Hedgehogs

Hedgehog populations are already in decline due to various factors such as habitat loss and pesticide use. The presence of foxes can add additional pressure on these small mammals if they become regular predators in their area. Furthermore, young and injured hedgehogs are particularly vulnerable to predation by foxes.

How to Protect Hedgehogs From Fox Predators

  • Remove any potential hiding places from your garden that could shelter a fox or other predator.
  • Keep gardens free of excess debris and build an appropriate fence around the perimeter to discourage intruders.
  • Provide plenty of safe nesting spots for hedgehog families throughout your property (e.g., piles of leaves).
  • Cover drains with grates so that animals cannot fall into them.

The Dangers of Hedgehog Predators

Hedgehogs are vulnerable to predation from a wide variety of animals, including cats, foxes, badgers and birds. Many hedgehog populations have declined due to the increased presence of these predators in their native habitats.

Common Hedgehog Predators

  • Cats: Domestic cats are one of the most common predators of hedgehogs. Cats will hunt and kill hedgehogs for fun or out of curiosity.
  • Foxes: Foxes are also known to hunt and kill hedgehogs, especially during the winter months when food is scarce.
  • Badgers: Badgers may also prey on smaller hedgehogs, particularly young hoglets that have not yet developed their defensive spines.
  • Birds: Birds of prey such as owls and hawks can be a threat to hedgehogs if they come too close.

Impact on Hedgehog Populations

The presence of these predators can have a significant impact on wild hedgehog populations. Predation puts additional stress on an already fragile species, making it harder for them to survive in their natural habitat. In some areas, over-hunting by humans has caused local extinction events due to lack of prey availability or restrictive hunting regulations.

Additionally, the spread of urbanization into rural areas has led to an increase in rodent populations which attract feral cats and other predators looking for easy meals. This further reduces natural hedgehog habitats as well as reducing food sources for small mammals like mice which then become easier targets for predators.

The Strange Science Behind Fox Urine and Hedgehogs

Fox urine has long been known to be a powerful pest repellent, but did you know that it can also be used to keep hedgehogs away? In the world of animal science, fox urine is an incredibly effective deterrent against both bugs and small mammals alike.

The reason why fox urine works so well as a deterrent is because hedgehogs have such a strong sense of smell. The scent of fox urine triggers their instinctual fear response, causing them to flee from the area. It’s no wonder then that many gardeners swear by using fox urine to keep pesky little critters away.

How Does Fox Urine Work on Hedgehogs?

Foxes are natural predators of hedgehogs, which means that when hedgehog senses the scent of fox urine they instinctively flee from it. This is because they recognize the smell as a sign of danger from their natural predator.

Fox urine smells very strong, making it easy for hedgehogs and other animals to detect its presence even in small quantities. When used properly, it can create an invisible barrier around your property or garden that keeps most unwanted visitors at bay.

Application Method

When applying fox urine for pest control purposes, there are several methods available. Here are some common ways:

  • Direct Application: This method involves directly spraying or pouring fox urine onto areas where pests might congregate. While this will certainly make your property less attractive to them, it should be noted that this method may require frequent reapplication depending on weather conditions.
  • Indirect Application: In this method, you use items like sachets or cotton balls soaked in fox urine to repel pests without having to spray or pour the liquid itself. These items can be placed around gardens or other outdoor spaces for extended protection against uninvited guests.

The Predatory Nature of Foxes on Hedgehogs

Foxes are a common predator of hedgehogs, and they have been known to prey upon them in some areas. In fact, fox predation is one of the main threats to the survival and wellbeing of hedgehog populations.

Habitat Loss

Foxes prefer habitats that provide plenty of shelter, such as dense woodland or scrubland. As these habitats are destroyed by human development, foxes may move into areas inhabited by hedgehogs. This increases their chances for successful predation.

Hunting Behaviour

When hunting hedgehogs, foxes use their sense of smell and hearing to locate potential prey. They then stalk the animal before pouncing on it and killing it with a bite to the neck or back.

Risks posed to Hedgehog Populations

  • Injury: Fox attacks can result in serious injury or death for hedgehog populations.
  • Declining Numbers: If there is an abundance of foxes preying on hedghog populations, this can lead to a decline in numbers over time.


In conclusion, it is clear that foxes can and do eat hedgehogs. However, this does not happen very often as the two animals generally avoid each other. Foxes are more likely to prey on small birds and mammals while hedgehogs will feast upon insects and worms in their environment. While there have been some reports of foxes eating hedgehogs, these events are rare and usually only occur when food sources become scarce or if the fox is overly aggressive or desperate for a meal.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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