Are Hedgehogs Carnivores?

Are Hedgehogs Carnivores

Hedgehogs are small and adorable animals that have become increasingly popular as pets in recent years. But what do we actually know about their diet? Are hedgehogs carnivores, or do they eat something else? In this article, we’ll explore the answer to this question and discuss what types of food a hedgehog should be given in its natural habitat or as a pet. We will also look at how understanding hedgehogs’ dietary needs can help us ensure that our cute little friends stay healthy and happy.

Are Hedgehogs Carnivores?

Hedgehogs are omnivorous animals, meaning they eat both plants and animals. While they mainly feed on insects, worms, slugs and other small invertebrates in the wild, hedgehogs can also consume fruits, vegetables and even some kinds of meat. In captivity, hedgehog diets usually include a combination of commercially available dry food that is specially formulated for them as well as fresh fruits and vegetables.

Types Of Foods Suitable For Hedgehog Diets

  • Insects such as crickets or mealworms
  • Soft-bodied prey like earthworms or waxworms
  • Fruits such as apples, pears or berries
  • Vegetables including carrots, broccoli or leafy greens

The Debate on Hedgehog Diet: Carnivore or Omnivore?

Hedgehogs are small animals that have become increasingly popular as pets in recent years. As such, there is an ongoing debate about the best diet for hedgehogs – should they be carnivores or omnivores?

Carnivorous Diets for Hedgehogs

Proponents of a carnivorous diet for hedgehogs argue that their natural diet consists mainly of insects, worms and other invertebrates. While these can be supplemented with fruits and vegetables, they believe that animal proteins should form the bulk of their food intake.

Advocates of this approach point to research which suggests that a carnivorous diet helps hedgehogs maintain healthy weight levels and provides them with essential vitamins and minerals. They also suggest that it may help reduce aggression in male hedgehogs.

A typical example of a carnivorous diet might include lean proteins such as chicken, beef and fish along with mealworms, waxworms, slugs, crickets, and earthworms.

Omnivorous Diets for Hedgehogs

Supporters of an omnivorous approach to feeding hedgehogs argue that while high-quality animal proteins are important in providing essential nutrients, fruits and vegetables should make up the majority of their diets. This approach provides more variety than a purely carnivorous option and allows pet owners to offer foods like applesauce, pumpkin puree and cooked sweet potatoes.


  • Nutritional Balance: Fruits and vegetables provide macro-nutrients like carbohydrates as well as vitamins A & C which are beneficial for maintaining overall health.
  • Variety: An omnivorous diet offers greater variety than a strictly carnivorous one so owners can mix things up by offering different types of produce.
  • Cost Effective: Fruits and vegetables tend to be more affordable than higher quality meats so this option could potentially save you money over time.


  • Missing Nutrients: There is some concern that an exclusively plant-based diet may not provide enough protein or B vitamins for optimal health.

Ultimately, it’s up to individual pet owners to decide what type of diet works best for their hedgehog based on factors like budget constraints, availability of certain foods in your area etc. However it’s important to ensure that whatever combination you choose contains all necessary nutrients needed by your pet!

Types of Food Hedgehogs Enjoy

Hedgehogs are omnivorous animals that enjoy a variety of foods. While they may not be as picky as some other pets, it is important to provide them with a nutritious diet. The following types of food can be offered in rotation to create a balanced meal plan for your hedgehog:

  • Meat-based proteins: Cooked lean meats such as chicken, turkey, and beef can offer essential protein and fat for your hedgehog’s diet. Avoid giving too much liver or organ meat since these are high in vitamin A which can be toxic if consumed in excess.
  • Vegetables: Your hedgehog should receive mostly dark green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, turnip greens, and collard greens. Other vegetables such as carrots, squash, bell peppers, peas and corn can also occasionally be included.
  • Fruits: Fruits should only make up about 10% of your hedgehog’s diet but you can include small amounts of applesauce or banana into their meals from time to time.

Commercial Insects & Worms

Insects and worms are an important source of protein for wild hedgehogs so it makes sense to incorporate them into the pet’s diet as well. You can buy freeze dried crickets and mealworms at most pet stores or online retailers.

The Hunting Habits of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are small, nocturnal animals that live throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa. They have a varied diet consisting mostly of insects, grubs, worms, snails and other invertebrates. While hedgehogs can scavenge for food in the wild, they also rely on their hunting habits to ensure a steady supply of prey.

Hunting Techniques

Hedgehogs primarily use two techniques to hunt: digging and pouncing. When digging for food, they will use their long claws and powerful sense of smell to locate potential prey such as grubs or worms. Once located, they will dig up the soil around it before using their specialized tongue to extract the prey item from its burrow.

When pouncing on their prey, hedgehogs will listen carefully for any sound made by an insect or small animal before quickly darting towards them with lightning speed. This technique is often used when hunting larger prey such as beetles and slugs.


Hedgehog’s bodies have evolved over time to give them the best chance at being successful hunters. Their sharp claws help them to dig through hard soil quickly in search of food while also providing traction when running. They also have strong senses of hearing and smell which aid in finding potential prey items in dark environments.

  • Sonic: A line down the back bristling with spines helps protect hedgehogs from predators by making loud noises if disturbed.
  • Camouflage: Hedgehog’s fur ranges from browns to greys depending on where they live and this allows them blend into their environment effectively helping them avoid detection when stalking potential prey.


In conclusion, hedgehogs are omnivorous mammals that can consume both plants and animals. They typically feed on insects and other invertebrates but may also eat fruits, vegetables, eggs, and even small vertebrates like mice. Hedgehogs mainly forage for food in the wild but can also be kept as pets with specially formulated diets. Ultimately, whether or not hedgehogs are considered carnivores depends on how broadly one defines a carnivore; while they do eat some animal matter, their diet is more varied than most true carnivores.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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