Do Hedgehogs Nurse Their Young?

Do Hedgehogs Nurse Their Young

Hedgehogs are lovable, small animals known for their spines and affinity for insects. They can be found in a variety of habitats across the world, from gardens to grassy plains. While they may look cute and cuddly, hedgehogs have unique behaviors that set them apart from other mammals – one of these is nursing their young.

In this article, we will discuss how hedgehogs nurse their young, why it’s important to understand this behavior, and what options exist if there is a problem with nursing. So let’s dive into the fascinating topic of “Do Hedgehogs Nurse Their Young?”

Do Hedgehogs Nurse Their Young?

Yes, hedgehogs do nurse their young. Female hedgehogs produce a form of milk called “hedgehog’s milk” to feed their young – although it’s not the same as cow’s or goat’s milk. The process is known as lactation and can begin at around three weeks after birth.

How Do Hedgehogs Nurse Their Young?

The nursing process begins when female hedgehogs groom themselves and create a pouch beneath their belly where they will store their milk for easy access by the babies. This pouch may be made up of skin folds that close together to protect the nipple from little teeth during feeding time.

Hedgehog mothers carry out nursing by stimulating the nipples with their tongue in order to release the milk into her baby’s mouth. The mother will also lick her babies clean and help them stay warm while they are drinking her milk.

Why Is It Important To Understand How Hedgehog Mothers Nurse Their Young?

  • To Monitor Health: Monitoring how hedgehog mothers nurse their young can provide insight into potential health issues with either parent or offspring.
  • For Breeding: Knowing how often and successfully female hedgehog mothers nurse their young can help breeders determine if there are any problems that need addressing before attempting to breed again.

Note: Despite being able to nurse their own, some hedgehog mothers may struggle to produce enough food for all of the hoglets in one litter, which is why supplemental formula should be available just in case.

The Nursing Habits of Hedgehog Babies

Hedgehog babies are born with their eyes closed and need to be nursed for several weeks before they can survive on their own. During this time, the mother hedgehog will provide all of the necessary nutrition for her young through nursing.

Milk Production

During lactation, a female hedgehog’s milk production increases significantly to meet the nutritional needs of her young. She typically produces enough milk to feed up to six baby hedgehogs at once.

Nursing Behaviors

Hedgehog mothers nurse their young in several ways. They may lick or groom their young or even carry them around in her mouth. The nursing process usually takes place during the night when she is most active.

Feeding Frequency

Baby hedgehogs feed frequently throughout the day and night, about every two hours. This allows them to get all of the energy and nutrients that they need from their mother’s milk.

  • Daytime Feedings: Baby hedgehogs will generally feed 2-4 times each day between 8am and 4pm.
  • Nighttime Feedings: Baby hedgehogs will generally feed 6-8 times each night between 8pm and 8am.

The Parental Love of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are known for their unique and lovable personalities, but they also have a strong parental side. As the parents of young hedgehogs, adults show an amazing level of care and affection for their offspring.

Parenting Behaviours

An adult hedgehog is highly protective of its young, often carrying them around in its mouth or snuggling them close to its body as it moves around. The parent defends the babies against any perceived threat, whether it be other animals or even humans. An adult will often form a tight bond with its children and can be seen grooming and licking them.

When the baby hedgehog is ready to venture out on its own, the parent will encourage exploration by leading the way and teaching important skills like food gathering or predator avoidance. It may also leave small piles of food for its young when it goes off to find more sustenance.

Nesting Behaviour

In addition to providing protection from potential threats, a mother hedgehog also builds a nest for her babies before giving birth. This helps provide comfort and warmth during cold nights, and serves as a safe place for nursing moms to rest while keeping an eye on their little ones.

  • Hiding: Adult hedgehogs use leaves and grasses (sometimes even man-made items) to construct nests that hide their babies from predators.
  • Building Materials: Mothers search far and wide for materials such as mosses, grass clippings, hay bales, bark chips etc., to build sturdy nests that keep their little ones snugly tucked away from danger.
  • Cleaning Nest: Moms diligently clean out debris weekly so that the nest remains free from dirt which could harm her babies if ingested.

The parental love of hedgehogs is truly remarkable! They provide safety, security, nutrition and parenting tips all while showing unconditional love towards their precious little ones.

Providing Nutrition for Baby Hedgehogs

Baby hedgehogs require a balanced diet to ensure their health and well-being. Although they are omnivorous, it is important to feed them the right kind of food in order to provide them with all the nutrients they need.

Types of Food To Feed Baby Hedgehogs

The most appropriate foods for baby hedgehog nutrition include:

  • Insects such as mealworms, crickets, waxworms, earthworms and other small bugs.
  • Fruits and vegetables like apples, blackberries, carrots and peas.
  • High-quality cat or kitten kibble that is high in protein.

How Much To Feed Your Baby Hedgehog

It is recommended that you feed your baby hedgehog 1/4 teaspoon of food per day. The amount can be increased slowly as your pet grows up. It’s also important to monitor how much he or she eats so that you don’t overfeed him or her.


In conclusion, hedgehogs do nurse their young and offer important parental care that is essential for the survival of their species. While they may not be as attentive to their offspring as other mammals, they still provide them with warmth and nourishment during their early days of life. Hedgehogs can make wonderful pets, but it is important to remember that they require a specific diet and environment in order to thrive. With proper care and attention, these unique animals can bring joy into any household.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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