Can Hedgehogs Get Fleas?

Can Hedgehogs Get Fleas

Hedgehogs are one of the most popular small pets around, and many people wonder if they can get fleas. While these animals might look like a cute and cuddly companion, it is important to understand that they do have the potential to carry parasites such as fleas. In this article, we will explain why hedgehogs can get fleas, how you can prevent an infestation in your pet hedgehog, and what you should do if your little critter does end up with fleas.

Can Hedgehogs Get Fleas?

Yes, hedgehogs can get fleas. Like other animals, hedgehogs are susceptible to flea infestations and can become hosts for these parasites if not properly protected. Since hedgehogs are small, warm-blooded mammals that live in environments with a high concentration of fleas, they are more likely than larger pets to contract flea infestations.

Preventing Fleas on Your Pet Hedgehog

The best way to prevent your pet hedgehog from getting fleas is to keep its environment clean and free of debris where the parasites may hide. Regularly inspect your pet’s bedding and cages for signs of an infestation such as eggs or dead insects. Additionally, you should use special anti-flea products designed specifically for small animals like hedgehogs to help prevent an infestation.

  • Regular Grooming: Brush your pet’s fur regularly using a soft brush or comb to remove any visible dirt or debris that might be harboring fleas.
  • Cleaning Bedding: Clean your pet’s bedding often by washing it in hot water (at least 140°F) and allowing it to dry completely before returning it back into the cage.
  • Vacuuming: Vacuum around their sleeping area frequently to help remove any potential sources of food for the fleas.
  • Insecticides: Use insecticides specifically made for small animals like hedgehogs and follow instructions carefully when applying them. It’s important not to overuse insecticides because too much can be toxic for your pet.

Treating Fleas on Your Hedgehog

Fleas can be a nuisance for any pet, and hedgehogs are no exception. It is important to treat fleas on your hedgehog promptly if you want to keep them healthy and happy. Here is how to do it:

1. Identify the Problem

The first step in treating fleas on your hedgehog is to identify whether they have fleas or not. Check their fur and skin carefully for small dark spots which could indicate the presence of flea droppings.

2. Choose an Appropriate Treatment

  • There are a variety of treatments available for getting rid of fleas on your hedgehog, including topical treatments, oral medications, and sprays.
  • Be sure to choose one that is specifically designed for use on small animals such as hedgehogs.

3. Follow Application Instructions Carefully

  • Always read and follow the application instructions carefully when applying any treatment for fleas on your hedgehog.
  • Some treatments may require multiple applications over several days or weeks in order to be effective.

4. Monitor Your Hedgehog’s Condition

  • Once you have applied the treatment, monitor your hedgehog closely over the next few days or weeks to ensure that it has been effective.
  • If you notice any adverse reactions (such as itchiness or redness) discontinue use immediately and contact your veterinarian right away.

How to Keep Your Pet Hedgehog Free from Fleas

A pet hedgehog can be a fun and rewarding addition to your family, but it is important to keep them free from fleas. Fleas can cause discomfort for your pet and spread diseases.

Steps To Prevent Fleas On Your Pet Hedgehog:

  • Vacuum the area often: Vacuuming regularly will help get rid of any flea eggs that may have already been laid in the area around your pet’s enclosure.
  • Clean bedding frequently: Wash bedding once a week in hot water with detergent to kill off any flea larvae or eggs that may be present.
  • Bathe your hedgehog periodically: Bathing with a gentle shampoo designed specifically for small animals can help reduce the number of fleas on your pet.
  • Apply topical treatments as needed: If you find that you are still having problems with fleas, there are several topical products available at most pet stores that will help control the problem.
  • Talk to your vet about preventative measures: Your veterinarian may recommend using an oral medication or spray every month during peak flea season (usually late spring/early summer) to help prevent infestations before they start.
  • Check other pets in the home for signs of infestation: If you have other pets in the house, make sure they are also being treated for fleas so that new ones do not migrate over onto your hedgehog.

Preventing Flea Infestations from Hedgehogs

Fleas are a common problem for hedgehog owners. In order to prevent a flea infestation in your hedgehog, it is important to take proactive steps and practice good hygiene.

Vacuuming Regularly

One of the best ways to prevent fleas is by vacuuming regularly. This will help remove any existing eggs or larvae before they have a chance to become adults. Be sure to vacuum all areas around your hedgehog’s habitat, including carpets and furniture.

Frequent Bathing

Hedgehogs can be bathed with special shampoo that kills fleas and other parasites. Bathe your pet at least once every two weeks if you notice any signs of a possible infestation. Be sure not to over-bathe as this could dry out their skin.

Using Natural Repellents

There are several natural repellents that can be used to repel fleas such as garlic, lemon juice, lavender oil, eucalyptus oil, and cedar wood chips. These substances should be sprinkled or sprayed around your hedgehog’s living area weekly.

Regular Vet Visits

It is recommended that you take your hedgehog for regular vet checkups so that any potential health issues can be identified early on. Your vet may also prescribe medications specifically designed for treating flea infestations.

Keeping The Habitat Clean

Keeping the cage clean is essential for preventing an infestation. Change bedding materials frequently, wash toys, dishes, and accessories regularly with hot water and soap, and disinfect the cage with bleach solution periodically.


In conclusion, hedgehogs can get fleas, but it is rare. Hedgehogs are naturally resistant to parasites and flea infestations, making them less likely to be affected than other animals. However, if a hedgehog does become infected with fleas, the owner should take immediate action to treat the pet using proper veterinary care. As long as owners remain vigilant about monitoring for signs of flea infestation and providing good hygiene practices for their pet, they will help ensure that their hedgehog remains healthy and free from these troublesome pests.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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