Do Hedgehogs Have Teeth?

Do Hedgehogs Have Teeth

Hedgehogs are small, spiky animals that have long been beloved as pets. While they may look cute and cuddly from the outside, many people wonder if these little creatures possess teeth inside their mouths. The answer is yes! Hedgehogs do in fact have teeth and this article will discuss the specifics of their dental anatomy, including how many teeth hedgehogs have, what kind of teeth they possess, and even how to care for a pet hedgehog’s oral health.

Do Hedgehogs Have Teeth?

The answer is yes! Hedgehogs do in fact have teeth and this article will discuss the specifics of their dental anatomy.

Types of Teeth That Hedgehogs Possess

Hedgehogs have a total of 34 teeth. This includes four incisors, two canines, 10 premolars, and 16 molars. Unlike other mammals, hedgehog’s lack any front-facing incisors or canine teeth at the very front of their mouth.

  • Incisors (4 total): Small pointed teeth found at the sides of the mouth.
  • Canines (2 total): Longer and slightly curved pointed teeth located at the back corners of the jaw.
  • Premolars (10 total): Widely spaced flat grinding surfaces used for crushing food.
  • Molars (16 total): Larger flat grinding surfaces used to further break down food before swallowing it.

Caring For A Pet Hedgehog’s Oral Health

It is important to keep an eye on your pet hedgehog’s oral health by brushing its teeth with a soft-bristled toothbrush once per week. You should also provide them with chew toys that they can use to help naturally clean their teeth. Finally, providing nutritious foods such as fruits and vegetables, along with commercial dry cat or dog kibble helps keep their mouths healthy too!

The Potential Dangers of Handling Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are generally safe and harmless animals, but like any wild creature, they can carry certain risks. Although unlikely, it is possible to contract a disease from handling hedgehogs. In addition, improper handling or care can lead to injury.

Risk of Disease

Hedgehog owners should be aware that there is a small risk for contracting certain diseases when handling hedgehogs. These include salmonella and ringworm, which are transmitted through contact with the hedgehog’s saliva, fur or droppings. It is important to always wash your hands thoroughly after handling your pet.

Injuries From Spines

Although their spines may look threatening, hedgehog spines are actually quite soft and flexible when touched. However, if mishandled or frightened by loud noises or sudden movements, they may curl up into a tight ball with their sharp spines pointing outward.

To avoid injuries from the spines:

  • Always handle them gently and carefully.
  • Do not try to pick them up by grabbing at their skin or tail – use two hands instead.
  • If necessary use thick gloves for protection against their prickles.
  • Keep loud noises away from them as much as possible.

Bites from Teeth or Claws

Hedgehog teeth and claws can also cause minor injuries if handled improperly. To help prevent this:

  • Be sure to keep your fingers away from their mouths while holding them (they will sometimes bite in self-defense).
  • Trim their nails regularly so they don’t scratch you during playtime.

The Unique Sharpness of Hedgehog Teeth

Hedgehogs have evolved a unique set of teeth that make them well adapted to their diet and lifestyle. They possess small, sharp incisors which are used for nipping off pieces of food, as well as long canines and premolars which are used for crushing hard food items like nuts or insects. The overall shape of the hedgehog’s mouth makes it ideal for grinding up tough plant material.

Adaptations For Eating Insects

Hedgehogs have several adaptations that allow them to feed on insects. Their short snouts provide a wide range of vision, allowing them to spot potential prey from far away. Additionally, they possess long front claws that help grip onto the insect while they use their teeth to bite into it. Finally, hedgehogs’ saliva contains an anticoagulant enzyme which helps prevent blood loss when eating insects.

Sharp Incisors

Hedgehog’s incisors are remarkably sharp and durable due to their composition – primarily composed of iron-rich enamel and dentin. This combination allows these tiny teeth to cut through even the toughest exoskeletons with ease.

Unique Dental Structure

In addition to having incredibly sharp incisors, hedgehog teeth also have an interesting dental structure. Their lower jaw has two rows of molars – one on each side – plus two upper premolars located at the back corners of their mouths.

  • Canines: These long canine teeth help hedgehog shear through tougher objects like nuts or bone.
  • Premolars: The two upper premolar teeth assist in shredding plant matter such as leaves or fruit peels.
  • Molars: The dual rows of molars in hedgehog’s lower jaw help them grind up smaller objects like seeds or bugs into manageable pieces before swallowing.

The Pain of a Hedgehog Bite

Hedgehogs may look cute and cuddly, but they can be quite dangerous when provoked or threatened. A hedgehog bite is painful and can cause serious injury if not treated properly.

Symptoms of a Hedgehog Bite

  • Sharp pain at the site of the bite.
  • Redness and swelling around the area of the bite.
  • Itching or burning sensation around the wound.
  • Pus-filled blisters that form over time as infection sets in.

Treatment for a Hedgehog Bite

If you have been bitten by a hedgehog, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. If left untreated, infection from a hedgehog bite can lead to severe tissue damage and other complications. Treatment usually involves antibiotics to prevent infection, as well as topical creams or ointments to reduce inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair any damaged tissue.


In conclusion, hedgehogs do indeed have teeth. These are small and sharp, which helps them to eat a variety of foods such as insects, snails, fruits, and vegetation. Hedgehogs also use their teeth for grooming and defense against predators. While they may not look intimidating due to their size, hedgehogs can provide a surprising bite when provoked or threatened. Therefore it is important to handle them with care in order to ensure the safety of both the pet owner and the pet hedgehog.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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