Where Do Hedgehogs Live?

Where Do Hedgehogs Live

Hedgehogs are among the most charismatic and beloved animals in the world. They are small, spiny mammals that can be found in many parts of the globe. But where exactly do hedgehogs live? In this article, we will explore the range and habitat of hedgehogs across different continents. You’ll learn about their preferred environment, diet, and behavior so you can get to know these fascinating creatures even better!

Where Do Hedgehogs Live?

Hedgehogs can be found in many parts of the world, including Europe, Asia, Africa, and New Zealand. In Europe, hedgehogs are most commonly found in the UK, Ireland, France, Italy, Germany and Spain. They have also been introduced to some parts of North America.

Habitat and Environment

Hedgehogs prefer temperate climates and live in woodlands or grassland areas with plenty of vegetation cover. They often build their nests under bushes or logs for protection against predators.

In addition to their natural habitats, hedgehogs can also be found living near human dwellings such as farms or suburban gardens. These areas provide a source of food and shelter from predators.

Diet & Behavior


  • Hedgehog diets consist mainly of insects such as caterpillars, beetles , slugs and snails. Additionally they will eat fruits and vegetables when available.


  • Hedgehog behavior is generally nocturnal (active at night). During the day they sleep curled up in a ball-like posture to protect themselves from predators.

Creating a Suitable Habitat for Hedgehogs in the Garden

Hedgehogs are small mammals that can make great additions to any garden. They help keep pests like slugs, snails and insects under control, making them an ideal companion to have around! To provide a suitable habitat for hedgehogs in your garden, there are some steps you should take.

Providing Shelter

Hedgehogs need shelter from the elements and predators. A simple shelter such as a box filled with dry leaves or grass clippings will do the trick. Make sure to place it somewhere sheltered from wind and rain, such as near a fence or hedge. You can also create more elaborate shelters with logs, rocks and vegetation.

Offering Food Sources

Hedgehogs are omnivores so they eat both plants and animals. You can offer them food sources such as:

  • Dried mealworms
  • Fruit (e.g., apples, pears)
  • Vegetables (e.g., carrots, pumpkin)
  • Insects (e.g., caterpillars)

You should avoid feeding hedgehogs bread or milk as these foods are difficult for them to digest.

Providing Water Sources

Ensure there is always fresh water available for your hedgehog visitors by placing dishes of water around the garden. This will help ensure they stay hydrated during warm summer days.

Hedgehog Habitats: Finding the Ideal Home for Your Pet Hedgehog

Hedgehogs are becoming increasingly popular as household pets. They may be small, but they require a lot of attention and care to ensure their well-being. Creating the right habitat for your pet hedgehog is essential if you want them to thrive in your home.

Factors To Consider When Choosing A Habitat For Your Hedgehog

  • Size: The size of the habitat will depend on how many hedgehogs you plan to keep. It should be large enough that each animal has plenty of room to roam around, climb, and explore.
  • Temperature: Hedgehogs are cold-blooded animals, so it’s important that their habitats stay at a temperature between 70°F and 80°F (21°C – 27°C). If possible, invest in an adjustable thermostat so that you can better control the temperature within the habitat.

Materials Needed To Build The Ideal Hedgehog Habitat

  • Enclosure: A wire enclosure or plastic aquarium with secure lid is ideal for providing adequate ventilation and visibility without compromising your pet’s safety. You may also consider using a glass terrarium as long as there is sufficient airflow.
  • Bedding: Use bedding such as shredded paper or wood shavings instead of sawdust since these materials are easier on your pet’s respiratory system. Avoid cedar chips since they can irritate their eyes.

Habitat of Hedgehogs in the United States

Hedgehogs are native to Europe, Asia, and Africa. However, they have become an increasingly popular pet in the United States over recent years. As such, hedgehog habitats can be found throughout much of the country.

Natural Habitats

The natural habitat for hedgehogs is generally grasslands or woodlands with plenty of leaf litter on the ground. This provides them protection from predators while giving them access to food sources like insects and small rodents. In some places they may also inhabit open fields or meadows.

Urban Settings

In urban settings, hedgehogs can also make their home in yards and gardens as well as parks and green spaces. They often seek shelter under decks and porches as well as piles of brush or leaves.

Man-made Enclosures

  • Outdoor Cages: For those who keep hedgehog pets, outdoor cages provide a safe place for them to roam while still allowing them to experience natural light and fresh air. These cages should be at least three feet wide by four feet long with wire mesh walls that are buried underground around three inches deep.
  • Indoor Enclosures: When kept indoors, hedgehog enclosures should provide enough space for your pet to explore comfortably but also allow you easy access for cleaning purposes. A 10-gallon tank is usually large enough for one hedgehog although larger tanks will give them more room to move around and play.


In conclusion, hedgehogs are found in a variety of habitats throughout the world. They prefer to live in areas that are close to water sources and provide plenty of cover for hiding from predators. Hedgehogs also like to burrow into soft material such as leaves or soil which helps protect them from harsh weather conditions. As long as their basic needs are met, hedgehogs can make a suitable home almost anywhere and continue to show us just how resilient they really are!


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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