Where Are Hedgehogs From?

Where Are Hedgehogs From

Hedgehogs are one of the most beloved animals in the world. Not only do they have an adorable appearance, but their personalities and behaviors make them a great pet for any family. But where did these little critters come from?

This article will explore the geographical origins of hedgehogs and how they spread throughout the world. We’ll also look into why they’re so popular as pets today and what makes them unique compared to other small mammals. So if you’ve ever wondered about the history of hedgehogs, read on!

Where Are Hedgehogs From?

Hedgehogs are native to Europe, Africa, and parts of Asia. They first appeared in fossilized form in the Late Eocene period (37-33 million years ago) and have been found in countries such as England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Greece.

The hedgehog’s range has since expanded to include North America, Australia and New Zealand. This is due to human introduction through illegal pet trade or intentional release into new habitats.

Types of Hedgehogs

There are currently 17 species of hedgehog that are recognized by scientists. These include:

  • European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus)
  • African white-bellied hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris)
  • Indian long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus)

The Origins of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs have a long and fascinating history, going back millions of years. They are believed to be one of the oldest mammals still in existence today.

The earliest hedgehog fossil remains come from Europe, dating back around 15 million years. However, this is not when they first appeared on Earth. Scientists believe that hedgehogs evolved from insect-eating creatures known as ‘euphractids’ that lived in the northern hemisphere some 40 million years ago.

From these ancient ancestors, modern day hedgehogs eventually evolved over millions of years into their present form. The last common ancestor between humans and hedgehogs is thought to have been an early mammal which lived 130 million years ago – now called Progonomys.

Today there are 17 species of living hedgehog across Africa, Asia and Europe. Of these species, four can be found in the United Kingdom: the European or Common Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), two African species (Atelerix albiventris and Hemiechinus auritus) and the Chinese or Long-eared Hedgehog (Hemiechinus collaris).

Behavioural Characteristics

  • Most active at night or during twilight hours
  • Spindly legs for quick movement
  • Roll up into tight balls when threatened
  • Sharp spines protect them from predators

Exploring the Presence of Hedgehogs in the United States

Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals native to parts of Europe and Asia. In recent years, they have become increasingly popular as exotic pets in the United States. While their presence is limited to certain states due to varying laws regulating such animals, hedgehog owners enjoy keeping these unique creatures as beloved companions.

Where Are Hedgehogs Found?

In the US, hedgehog ownership is legal in all states except for California and Georgia. While other states may have laws prohibiting ownership of some wild animals as pets, hedgehogs are generally allowed since they are considered domesticated animals. With that being said, different cities and counties may have their own regulations regarding pet ownership.

What Do Hedgehogs Need?

When it comes to taking care of a hedgehog, potential pet owners should be aware that these animals require special housing, diet and care. Some recommended items include:

  • Suitable Cage: A large enclosure with adequate ventilation is necessary for a healthy environment. The cage should also provide plenty of space for exercise and room to explore.
  • Appropriate Diet: Hedgehogs need a balanced diet which includes proteins from insects (mealworms or crickets), leafy greens like spinach or kale, vegetables like squash or sweet potatoes, plus cat food supplemented with vitamins/minerals.
  • Regular Exercise/Playtime : Providing toys and allowing your pet time outside its cage each day can help keep it active and entertained.
  • Veterinarian Care : Like any other animal companion – regular visits with a veterinarian are important for preventive health care.

The German Hedgehog: A Native Species to Germany

The German hedgehog, or Erinaceus europaeus, is a species of hedgehog native to Germany and much of Europe. It is one of 17 species in the Erinaceidae family and has adapted well to urban environments. The German hedgehog plays an important role as both a predator and prey species in its ecosystem.

Physical Characteristics

The adult German hedgehog typically grows between 8-14 inches long with a weight range between 1-2 pounds. Its coat is composed entirely of stiff spines that provide protection from predators, while their short legs allow for rapid movement when needed. Their broad snout houses small eyes, ears, and nostrils which it uses to sense food sources or potential danger.

Diet & Habitat

  • Diet: The German hedgehog typically feeds on worms, insects, fruits, berries and fungi found on the forest floor.
  • Habitat: This species prefers wooded areas but can adapt quickly to human-altered habitats such as parks and gardens.
  • Mating Season: Mating season usually occurs during late summer/early fall.
  • Range: They are found throughout much of Europe including Germany, France, Spain, Portugal as well as parts of North Africa.


Hedgehogs are one of the most beloved animals in many parts of the world, and they have a long history. They originated in Africa, Europe, and Asia, but now can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Their unique appearance and behavior make them endearing to people everywhere. Hedgehogs can even thrive in urban environments due to their adaptability. If you’re looking for a charming companion that’s full of personality, hedgehogs may be just what you need!


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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