Are There Hedgehogs In Florida?

Are There Hedgehogs In Florida

As the weather starts to warm up in Florida, many people are asking: “Are there hedgehogs in Florida?” The answer is yes! Hedgehogs can be found throughout the Sunshine State and make a great pet for those who are looking for something unique. While they may not be native to the area, these adorable little creatures have become increasingly popular over the last few years as exotic pets. In this article, we’ll discuss what type of hedgehog you can find in Florida, how to care for them, and whether or not it’s legal to own one. So if you’re interested in learning more about these spiky friends, keep reading!

Are There Hedgehogs In Florida?

Yes, there are hedgehogs in Florida! Hedgehogs can be found throughout the Sunshine State and make a great pet for those who are looking for something unique. While they may not be native to the area, these adorable little creatures have become increasingly popular over the last few years as exotic pets.

Types of Hedgehog Found in Florida

The most common type of hedgehog you will find in Florida is the African Pygmy Hedgehog. These small mammals typically grow up to 8 inches long and weigh between 12-18 ounces when fully grown. They come in a variety of colors including brown, grey, white and even albino.

Caring For Your Hedgehog

If you decide to welcome a hedgehog into your home it is important that you provide them with proper care and attention. They require fresh bedding such as shredded paper or hay, along with plenty of food and water. To help keep your pet healthy it is also important that their habitat stays clean at all times.

  • Exercise:

Hedgehogs need daily exercise so you should provide a wheel or other toys for them to play with.

  • Temperature:

Your hedgehog’s habitat should be kept at temperatures around 75°F (24°C) during the day and no lower than 65°F (18°C) at night.

Exploring the Habits of Hedgehogs in Florida

Hedgehogs are a unique species that can be found in many parts of the world. In Florida, hedgehog populations continue to thrive and provide an interesting topic for study. To better understand this species, it is important to explore their habits and behavior.

Habitat Preferences

In Florida, hedgehogs prefer habitats near wooded areas or wetlands. They typically live in burrows beneath logs, rocks and other natural structures. Additionally, garden beds that offer plenty of foliage make great homes for these animals.

Dietary Needs

As omnivores, hedgehogs feed on both plants and small insects. This includes fruits such as strawberries and apples as well as beetles and caterpillars. Hedgehog food mixtures are available commercially but should not be used exclusively since variety is important for good health.

Activity Cycles

  • Summer: During summer months, hedgehog activity increases significantly during twilight hours (dusk until dawn). As nocturnal creatures they search for food throughout the night before returning to their shelters to sleep during the day.
  • Winter: During winter months (November through February), hedgehog activity decreases significantly due to cooler temperatures. They may hibernate underground or remain inactive above ground if temperatures are mild enough.
  • Mating Season: Mating season usually occurs between April and June when conditions are right for breeding. Male hoglets will fight over territory while females build nests with grasses before giving birth up to four times a year.

Exploring the Presence of Wild Hedgehogs in the United States

Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals typically found in Europe, Africa and Asia. They have become popular pets in recent years, but it’s important to note that hedgehogs are wild animals and not native to North America.

In spite of this fact, there is an increasing presence of wild hedgehog populations in some areas of the United States. The main source for these hedgehogs is likely from escaped or released pet hedgehogs which have established free-ranging colonies.

Currently, there is no exact number of how many wild hedgehog colonies exist in the US due to their secretive nature. However, there are a few known locations with established populations:

  • Florida Keys: There has been a population living on Big Pine Key since at least 2006.
  • Texas: Reports show that at least one colony exists near San Antonio.
  • California: A wild population was recorded near Santa Cruz Island as early as 2008.
  • Washington State: An introduced species began reproducing around Seattle after 2008.
  • Oregon: An introduced species has been reported since 2016.

Effects on Native Wildlife

The effects of these non-native hedgehog species on local wildlife remains largely unknown. It is possible that they may compete with native wildlife for food resources or spread disease through contact with other animals.

What Can Be Done?

If you live near any known locations with established populations of wild hedgehogs, it’s best to leave them alone. If you come across an individual, it’s best to leave it be unless it appears injured or ill. In those cases, contact your local animal control office for assistance. Do not attempt to capture or relocate a wild animal yourself. Additionally, if you own a pet hedgehog, make sure proper precautions are taken so they do not escape into the wild and establish their own colonies.

Habitats and Natural Range of Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are found in a variety of habitats throughout the world. They occur naturally in Europe, Africa, Asia and New Zealand. In North America they have been introduced to some areas.

In Europe, hedgehogs inhabit grasslands, scrubland, hedgerows, gardens and woodlands. They can also be found in urban areas such as parks where there is plenty of food sources such as insects. In Africa they live in open savannahs or semi-deserts with plenty of insects to feed on.

In Asia hedgehogs live mostly in grassy meadows but can also survive in more arid conditions like deserts and mountains with sparse vegetation. They prefer to hide under rocks or logs during the day and come out at night to search for food.

New Zealand has two species of native hedgehog that live mainly in grassland habitats but can also be seen around farms and other human settlements. The introduced European hedgehog has adapted well to this new habitat.

Adaptations for Survival

  • Their spines provide protection from predators whilst their sharp claws help them dig burrows for shelter.
  • They have highly sensitive ears which allow them to hear potential predators even when burrowed away underground.
  • Their nocturnal nature gives them extra hunting time while most predators are asleep.


In conclusion, while there are no native hedgehogs in Florida, they can be found in the state as pets. There is potential for them to become an invasive species if released into the wild, so it is important that owners take necessary precautions and not release their pet hedgehogs into the environment. As a result, Floridians should educate themselves on any regulations or laws surrounding owning a hedgehog before making this commitment. Ultimately, owning a hedgehog can provide a unique and rewarding experience but should be done responsibly.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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