Are Hedgehogs Rodents?

Are Hedgehogs Rodents

Hedgehogs have been an increasingly popular pet choice in recent years, and many people are curious about these small animals. One of the questions that comes up often is whether or not hedgehogs are considered rodents.

This article will explore this topic in detail, from examining their physical characteristics to discussing the scientific classification of hedgehogs. We’ll also answer some frequently asked questions about hedgehogs and rodents to help you better understand them. So if you’ve ever wondered “Are Hedgehogs Rodents?” then read on to find out!

Are Hedgehogs Rodents?

The answer to this question is no, hedgehogs are not rodents. While they may share some physical traits with them, such as small size and sharp claws, there are also many differences between these two animal groups.

Physical Differences:

  • Hedgehogs have a long snout and pointed nose, while rodents have shorter noses and rounded muzzles.
  • Hedgehogs have spines on their backs for protection from predators, while rodents lack this feature.
  • Hedgehog eyesight is poor compared to that of many rodent species.
  • Rodents generally have larger ears than hedgehogs.

Scientific Classification:

Hedgehogs belong to the family Erinaceidae and are classified in the order Insectivora. Rodents belong to the family Muridae and are classified in the order Rodentia. This distinction further proves that hedgehogs are not considered rodents.

The Difference Between Hedgehogs and Rodents

Hedgehogs and rodents may look similar, but they are actually quite different. Knowing the distinguishing characteristics of these two animals can help you identify them when you encounter them in the wild.

Physical Appearance

Hedgehogs have a spiny coat of fur with back-facing quills that cover their bodies. They also have short legs and a pointed snout with small eyes. Rodents, on the other hand, have longer legs and larger eyes than hedgehogs. Their fur is typically softer than hedgehog’s fur, though some species do have spines or quills.


Hedgehogs are solitary animals who spend most of their time alone in self-made burrows. They mainly come out at night for foraging for food such as insects or fruits. In contrast, rodents live in social groups called colonies and tend to be more active during the day.


  • Hedgehog diet consists mainly of insects since they search actively by smell while hunting.
  • Rodent diets vary depending on species but generally include seeds, grains, nuts, fruit and vegetables as well as sometimes small invertebrates.

Are Hedgehogs Rodents or Mammals? – Investigating the Classification of These Adorable Animals

Hedgehogs are one of the most beloved small animals, and people often wonder what kind of creature they are. Are hedgehogs rodents or mammals? To answer this question, we have to look at how animals are classified in biology.

Classification: The Animal Kingdom

All living creatures on earth belong to the animal kingdom. This kingdom is divided into several groups (or phyla), each with its own characteristics. For example, vertebrates have a backbone while invertebrates do not.

  • Vertebrates: This group includes mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
  • Invertebrates: Invertebrate animals include worms, mollusks like snails and clams, arthropods like insects and spiders, echinoderms like starfish and sea cucumbers, cnidarians like jellyfish and anemones, sponges and corals.

Within these two main categories are further classifications based on specific traits that can help us determine which group a particular species belongs to.

Mammals vs Rodents

Mammals are warm-blooded animals that give birth to live young ones instead of laying eggs. They also produce milk for their offspring through mammary glands.[2] In addition to these characteristics, they also possess hair or fur as well as three middle ear bones which allow them to hear better than other types of animals. Examples of mammals include cats, dogs, horses, bats, whales, etc.

Rodents, on the other hand, belong to a separate order called Rodentia within the mammal family. [3] They have four incisors in both upper & lower jaws with continuously growing chisel-shaped teeth. They use these teeth for gnawing food & materials. Some examples of rodents are mice, rats, hamsters, & squirrels.

Is a Hedgehog Rodent or Marsupial? Comparing the Characteristics of Each Animal

Hedgehogs are often mistaken for rodents or marsupials, but they actually belong to their own family of animals called Erinaceidae. While hedgehogs may look similar to these other animals, there are some key differences that can help you distinguish them.


Rodents are small mammals with long front incisors used for gnawing and chewing. They have short legs and bodies covered in fur. Common examples include hamsters, mice, rats, and squirrels.

  • Body: Rodents have long bodies covered in fur.
  • Teeth: They have long front incisors used for gnawing and chewing.
  • Legs: Rodents have short legs.


Marsupials are mammals characterized by a pouch where their young develop after birth. Examples include kangaroos, opossums, koalas, and wombats.

  • Body: Marsupials have short bodies covered in fur.
  • Teeth: They have sharp teeth adapted for crushing insects, fruits, and plants.
  • Legs: Marsupials typically have longer legs than rodents.


In conclusion, hedgehogs are not rodents. While they may share some similarities with traditional rodents, such as their small size and omnivorous diet, the two animals have evolved in different ways over time. Hedgehogs possess a number of unique traits that set them apart from other small mammals and make them a distinct species all on their own. As we continue to study this fascinating creature more closely, we are sure to uncover even more evidence of why hedgehogs should be classified as their own animal group rather than just another type of rodent.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top