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Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals that are indigenous to Europe, Asia, and Africa. Recently, they have gained popularity as pets and are frequently maintained as exotic animals. All ages can enjoy having a hedgehog as a pet because they are terrific company and require little maintenance.
Small mammals, hedgehogs normally weigh between 300 and 1000 grammes and are between 10 and 15 centimetres long. Thousands of spiky spines cover their round bodies, which are circular in shape. These up to 3 cm long spines offer defence against predators. Hedgehogs have short, angular faces, as well as big ears and eyes. They are superb climbers and have short legs.
As nocturnal creatures, hedgehogs are most active at night. They snooze during the day in grass and leaf nests.
Hedgehogs are omnivorous in the wild, which means they consume both plant and animal stuff. They consume a variety of insects, including caterpillars, beetles, and crickets. Fruits, nuts, and other plant materials are also consumed by them.
Hedgehogs should have a diet that is strong in protein and fat if they are to be kept as pets. Hedgehogs should eat a range of invertebrates including mealworms and crickets in addition to premium commercial hedgehog food. As occasional treats, fruits and vegetables should also be provided.
Bigger is preferable when it comes to housing a hedgehog. It is advised to use a cage that is at least three feet by two feet in size. The hedgehog needs a lot of room in the cage so that it may explore and roam around. There should be a tonne of places to hide and things to climb on.
Additionally, the cage needs to be furnished with a variety of extras, like tunnels, ladders, and climbing branches. It is also advised to use a wheel to give the hedgehog exercise. Additionally, the cage needs to be kept spotless and debris-free.
As cold-blooded creatures, hedgehogs are unable to control their own body temperatures. Between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit is the best range for them. The hedgehog may experience stress and health issues if the temperature falls below this range.
You should get a heating pad or a heating light to make sure the cage’s temperature stays constant. To keep an eye on the cage’s temperature, you can also purchase a thermostat.
As cautious animals, hedgehogs might be shocked by abrupt movements. Gently moving them should be done in slow, gentle motions. Before handling the hedgehog, make sure to give it plenty of time to explore its cage and adjust to its surroundings.
It’s also critical to keep in mind that hedgehogs can bite. If your hedgehog does bite, it’s crucial to maintain your composure and speak softly to the hedgehog to reassure it.
Although hedgehogs are typically healthy creatures, they can have a range of medical issues. It’s crucial to keep track of your hedgehog’s health and look out for any symptoms of sickness. Hedgehogs frequently experience skin diseases, respiratory infections, and obesity.
Take your hedgehog to the vet as soon as you can if you think it may be ill. Veterinarian visits on a regular basis are also advised.
For people of all ages, hedgehogs can make wonderful pets. They require little upkeep and are often simple to look for. It’s critical to give them a sizable cage, a nutritious meal, and the ideal temperature. Additionally, it’s crucial to handle them gently, move slowly, and keep an eye out for any symptoms of disease. Your hedgehog can make a wonderful companion for many years if given the right care.