How To Breed Hedgehogs?

How To Breed Hedgehogs

Welcome to the world of hedgehog breeding! Hedgehogs are becoming increasingly popular pets, and for good reason. They’re small, quiet animals with a lot of personality. Breeding them is not only an enjoyable hobby, but it can also be a lucrative business. This guide will provide you with all the information you need to get started in breeding your own hedgehogs.

We’ll discuss topics such as selecting the right pair of hedgehogs, preparing their habitat, understanding and managing their reproductive cycle, recognizing signs of illness or injury in your animals and more. You’ll learn how to care for both mother and babies during gestation and after they are born. So let’s get started on our journey into hedgehog breeding!

How To Breed Hedgehogs?

Breeding hedgehogs is a rewarding experience, but it does require careful planning and preparation. Here are the steps you need to take in order to successfully breed hedgehogs:

  • Selecting a Breeding Pair: When selecting your breeding pair, look for hedgehogs that are healthy and of good temperament. You should also make sure they’re from unrelated bloodlines.
  • Setting Up a Habitat: Create an environment conducive to breeding; this means providing plenty of food, water, shelter, and enrichment activities such as toys and hiding spots.
  • Understanding the Reproductive Cycle: Hedgehog mating season typically runs from April through August. Female hedgehogs can become pregnant during any part of this time period.
  • Watching for Signs of Pregnancy: Once your female has mated with a male, watch for signs that she may be pregnant, such as reduced appetite or increased nesting behavior.
  • Caring For Babies After Birth:Once born, the babies will need to be monitored closely for the first few weeks until they reach their full size at 8-12 weeks old.

(Note: It is best practice to separate male and female hedghog pairs outside of mating season)

The Basics of Breeding Hedgehogs

Breeding hedgehogs is a rewarding experience, but it requires dedication and an understanding of the animal’s needs. Here are some basic tips for successful hedgehog breeding.

Housing Requirements

It’s important to provide your hedgehog with a comfortable habitat that allows them to breed freely. The enclosure should be spacious enough for multiple animals, and should also have plenty of ventilation. It should also include toys, hideaways, and other enrichment items so that the hedgehog can explore its environment.

Health Care

When breeding hedgehogs, you need to make sure they stay healthy. This means providing them with proper nutrition as well as regular vet care. You’ll also want to monitor their weight regularly and check for any signs of illness or injury.

Responsible Breeding Practices

  • Ensure genetic diversity: You’ll want to make sure that you’re not inbreeding by only choosing unrelated animals when pairing up potential mates.
  • Check for health issues: Before introducing any new animals into your existing population, you’ll want to make sure they don’t carry any contagious diseases or parasites.
  • Control litter size: Hedgehog litters can range from one to five babies per litter; however, litters larger than three are uncommon. If your female has more than three pups in her litter, consider culling.

Tips for Successfully Breeding Hedgehogs

Hedgehog breeding can be a rewarding experience, but it is important to take the necessary precautions before attempting. Here are some tips to help ensure that your hedgehog breeding endeavors go smoothly:

1. Choose Healthy Parents

It is essential that you select healthy parents with good genetics for your hedgehog breeding project. Make sure that both the male and female have been thoroughly examined by a veterinarian prior to mating.

2. Provide Proper Care & Nutrition

Providing proper care and nutrition for your hedgehog pair is key when it comes to successful breeding. Feed them a balanced diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as high-quality dry food and treats designed specifically for hedgehogs.

3. Prepare an Appropriate Nesting Area

When preparing an area for your pregnant female, make sure it’s quiet, warm, dark and secure from predators or other disturbances. Line the nesting box with soft materials such as shredded paper towels or fleece blankets.

4. Monitor the Pregnancy Carefully

Make sure you keep a close eye on her during her gestation period so you can provide any extra care if needed (such as providing additional warmth). It’s also important to monitor her progress leading up to delivery in case of any complications.

5. Handle Babies With Care

Once born, handle baby hedgehogs very carefully; they are fragile creatures! Provide them plenty of warmth to prevent hypothermia and check on them regularly until they grow big enough for their mother’s milk.

6. Separate Adult Hedgehogs After Birth

After birth, it is best practice to separate the adult male from his offspring; this helps reduce aggression towards the babies while allowing him time away from the mother after she has given birth.

The Number of Babies a Hedgehog Can Have

Hedgehogs can have between two and eight babies at one time, though the average litter size is four. The mother will usually give birth to her young about 30 days after mating.

Factors Influencing Litter Size

There are several factors that influence how many babies a hedgehog can have in its litter. These include:

  • Age: Younger hedgehogs tend to produce fewer babies than older ones.
  • Health: Hedgehogs in good health are more likely to produce larger litters than those in poor health.
  • Nutrition: A diet high in proteins and other nutrients increases the chances of having a larger litter.
  • Breed: Certain breeds of hedgehogs may be predisposed to producing more or less offspring than others. For example, African pygmy hedgehog typically produces smaller litters than European hedgehog.


Breeding hedgehogs is an exciting and rewarding experience. It requires considerable commitment, research and resources to ensure that the health of both the parent hedgehogs and their offspring are maintained. With proper diet, housing, regular check-ups from a veterinarian and dedication to providing adequate care for your animals, you can create an amazing environment in which hedgehogs thrive. Breeding these delightful creatures is a wonderful way to bring joy into your home as well as contribute to the conservation of this beloved species.


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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