Are Hedgehogs Born With Quills?

Are Hedgehogs Born With Quills

Hedgehogs are small, spiny creatures that have captivated the hearts of many. They often appear in literature and other forms of media, with their quills being a prominent feature. But how exactly do hedgehogs come to be born with these quills? In this article, we’ll explore the fascinating process behind hedgehog development and whether or not they are indeed born with their protective spikes.

Are Hedgehogs Born With Quills?

The answer to this question is yes! Hedgehogs are indeed born with quills, which cover their bodies shortly after birth. The spines first appear as tiny bumps on the skin and then grow over time into thick quills.

Development of Quills

Once the hedgehog is born, its skin begins to harden within a few hours. This process is known as “spinning,” and it causes small bumps to form all over the body. These bumps soon transform into actual spines, giving the newborn hedgehog its distinctive look.

As the hedgehog grows older, its quills become thicker and longer until they reach their full size by adulthood. The color of these quills also darkens with age, becoming darker in hue than when they were originally born.

Protective Spikes

Hedgehog quills serve both defensive and offensive purposes. On one hand, they act as a barrier against predators who may try to attack or eat them. On the other hand, if provoked or scared enough, a hedgehog can use its spikes offensively by curling up into a ball and attacking any would-be attackers.

The Quilling Process of Hedgehogs at Different Ages

Hedgehog quilling is the process by which a hedgehog’s baby spikes are replaced with adult spines. It’s an important part of their growth and development, so it’s important to understand how this process works for different ages.

Baby Spikes

When a hedgehog is born, they have very soft, thin baby spikes that cover their body. These spikes don’t provide any protection from predators or other threats, but they do help keep them warm and insulated while they grow.

Quilling Begins

At around two weeks old, the quilling process begins as the baby spikes start to fall out. As this happens, new adult spines begin to emerge in their place. This can be uncomfortable for your hedgehog and may cause them some itching or irritation.

Quilling Continues

The quilling process continues until the hedgehog is about 6 months old. During this time, the baby spikes will continue to fall out and be replaced with stronger adult spines. It’s normal for your hedgehog to lose some spines during this period due to rubbing against bedding or furniture.

Fully Quilled Adult Spines

By 6 months old, your hedgehog should have fully developed adult spines that protect them from predators and other dangers. The new spines are much thicker than their baby counterparts and are able to stand up more easily when the hedgehog feels threatened.

Caring For Your Hedgehog During Quilling

  • Make sure you provide comfortable bedding like fleece blankets or towels that won’t irritate their skin.
  • Avoid handling your hedgehog too much during this period as it can cause stress and discomfort.
  • Provide plenty of healthy food options like fruits, vegetables, insects etc., as well as extra calcium supplements if necessary.

The Adorable Spiky Coats of Baby Hedgehogs

Baby hedgehogs have the most adorable and unique coats! Their spiky little bodies are covered in long, sharp quills that protect them from predators. They also have a thick undercoat of fur that helps to keep them warm and cozy.


Hedgehog quills are made up of keratin, which is the same protein found in human fingernails, hair, and skin. They can be anywhere from 1/4 to 3/4 inches in length depending on the species and age of the hedgehog. The quills are not hollow like porcupine needles; instead they contain tiny air pockets that provide insulation for baby hedgehogs.


Baby hedgehog’s coats come in a variety of colors ranging from black to white with shades of gray, brown, pink or yellow mixed in too. Some even have stripes running down their backs! It’s not uncommon for adult hedgehog coats to change color over time as they mature.


  • Bathing: It is important to note that a baby hedgehog should never be bathed unless absolutely necessary – water can cause its delicate skin to dry out quickly if left soaking for too long.
  • Brushing: If your baby hedgehog needs some extra TLC then brushing may help remove any excess dirt or debris from its coat without causing harm to its delicate fur or skin beneath.

Understanding the Shedding Cycle of Baby Hedgehogs

Baby hedgehogs, like other mammals, go through a process of shedding and renewing their skin. This is an important part of their growth and development. Understanding the shedding cycle can help you better care for your hedgehog.

What is Shedding?

Shedding is when a hedgehog loses some or all of its quills as new ones grow in. The process usually starts around 2-4 weeks after birth and lasts until the baby hedgehog reaches adulthood at about 8-10 weeks old. During this time, the baby will periodically shed its quills in small patches and replace them with new quills that are longer, thicker, and darker in color.

Signs That Your Hedgehog is Shedding

  • Quill Loss: You may notice bald spots or areas where there are fewer quills than usual.
  • Itchiness: Your hedgehog may start scratching more often as it sheds.
  • Color Changes: New quills may be lighter or darker in color compared to the older ones.

How to Care for a Shedding Hedgehog

  • Bathe Regularly: Bathing your hedgehog regularly can help loosen any dead follicles that may be stuck on its skin. Make sure you use lukewarm water and a gentle shampoo specifically designed for animals.
  • Brush Gently: Use a soft brush to brush gently over your pet’s body, including its face, belly, legs, feet, tail, back and sides. This helps remove any loose hairs or flakes from its coat. Be careful not to pull too hard on any individual hair.
  • Supplement Diet: Adding supplements like omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E can help keep your baby’s skin healthy during this time. Talk to your veterinarian first before adding any supplements to make sure they’re appropriate for your pet’s age and health condition.


In conclusion, the answer to whether hedgehogs are born with quills is yes. Quills are an important part of a hedgehog’s defense system and they develop quickly after birth. As soon as a baby hedgehog is born, its quills harden within minutes. Quills can also provide insulation for warmth and protection from predators in the wild. All in all, it is safe to say that hedgehogs are indeed born with their signature set of quills!


  • Frederick

    Frederick Faunce is an experienced and passionate hedgehog writer, blogger, and researcher. He has dedicated his life to understanding the conservation and care of hedgehogs, and is committed to educating and inspiring others to do the same.

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